White privilege (or white skin privilege) refers to advantages that white people enjoy in many societies beyond those commonly experienced by people of color in the same social, political, or economic spaces (nation, community, workplace, income, etc). It sometimes connotes unspoken advantages, which white people may not realize they have. These include cultural affirmations of one's own worth, greater presumed social status, and freedom to move, buy, work, play, and speak freely. White privilege also implies the right to assume the universality of one's own experiences, marking others as different or exceptional while perceiving one's self as normal. It can be compared and combined with male privilege.
Academic perspectives such as critical race theory and whiteness studies use the concept of "white privilege" to analyze how racism and racialized society affect the lives of whites. The term is often used in the United States and Europe but also applies in other places with histories of racial stratification after colonialism, such as South Africa and Australia.
Conservative critics of the "white privilege" concept such as Shelby Steele have argued that white people do not benefit from unfair advantages and may even be victims of institutionalized racism since minority groups benefit from race-based affirmative action programs and other special advantages. Some left-wing critics have argued that that white privilege is less significant than class privilege. In academic circles, the concept of white privilege has been critiqued on the grounds that whiteness is not a discrete identity with properties that apply to all white people.
Other articles related to "white privilege, whites, white, privilege":
... say that there are social, political, and cultural advantages accorded to whites in global society ... that these advantages seem invisible to white people, but obvious to non-whites ... For instance, "I think whites are carefully taught not to recognize white privilege, as males are taught not to recognize male privilege ...
... White privilege refers to rights or advantages, given to white persons beyond the common rights and advantages of non-whites ... According to Dei, it is through white privilege that the differences in race continue to be defined ... Many whites refuse to see the ways in which they continue to benefit from racist practices in the past and today ...
... White privilege in Australia parallels the pattern of dominance seen elsewhere in colonialism ... News media are geared towards white people and their interests ... White neighborhoods are identified as "good quality", while "ethnic" neighborhoods may become stigmatized, degraded, and neglected ...
Famous quotes containing the words privilege and/or white:
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—E.E. (Edward Estlin)
“We black women must forgive black men for not protecting us against slavery, racism, white men, our confusion, their doubts. And black men must forgive black women for our own sometimes dubious choices, divided loyalties, and lack of belief in their possibilities. Only when our sons and our daughters know that forgiveness is real, existent, and that those who love them practice it, can they form bonds as men and women that really can save and change our community.”
—Marita Golden, educator, author. Saving Our Sons, p. 188, Doubleday (1995)