United Nations System - United Nations

United Nations

The principal organ of the UN system was the United Nations itself, and consists of six principal organs established by the Charter of the United Nations.

Principal organs of the United Nations
UN General Assembly
- Deliberative assembly of all UN member states (each country has one vote) -
UN Secretariat
- Administrative organ of the UN - its chairman is the UN Secretary General -
International Court of Justice
- Universal court for international law (based in The Hague) -
  • may resolve non-compulsory recommendations to states, or suggestions to the UNSC (not a Parliament)
  • decides on the admission of new members, on proposal of the UNSC
  • adopts the budget
  • elects the non-permanent members of the UNSC, all members of ECOSOC, on the proposal of the UNSC the UN Secretary General, and the 15 judges of the ICJ
  • supports the other UN bodies administratively, e.g. in the organization of conferences, writing reports and studies, and the preparation of the budget-plan
  • its chairman - the UN Secretary General - is elected by the UN General Assembly for a five-year mandate and is the most important representative of the UN
  • beside its headquarters in New York City it has three main offices in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna
  • decides disputes between states that recognize its jurisdiction and creates legal opinions
  • the 15 judges are elected by the UN General Assembly for nine years. It renders judgement with relative majority
  • parties on the ICJ can only be countries, however no international organizations and other subjects of international law (not to be confused with the ICC)
UN Security Council
- For international security issues -
UN Economic and Social Council
- For global economical and social affairs -
UN Trusteeship Council
- Was administering trust territories (currently not active) -
  • responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security
  • the most powerful organ of the UN, as it may adopt compulsory resolutions
  • its decisions include peacekeeping- and peace enforcement-missions, as well as non-military pressure mediums, such as trade embargos
  • has 15 members: five permanent members with veto-power, and ten elected members
  • responsible for cooperation between states on economic and social fields (raising the general standard of living, solve economic, social and health problems, promotion of human rights, culture and education, as well as humanitarian aid)
  • therefore it has established numerous functional and regional commissions
  • also coordinates the cooperation with the numerous specialized agencies of the United Nations
  • has 54 members, who are elected by the UN General Assembly to serve staggered three-year mandates
  • was originally designed to manage colonial possessions that were earlier League of Nations mandates
  • is inactive since 1994, with the last trust territory (Namibia) attaining independence in 1990

Read more about this topic:  United Nations System

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Famous quotes containing the words nations and/or united:

    Organize first for knowledge, first with the object of making us know ourselves as a nation, for we have to do that before we can be of value to other nations of the world and then organize to accomplish the things that you decide to want. And ... don’t make decisions with the interest of youth alone before you. Make your decisions because they are good for the nation as a whole.
    Eleanor Roosevelt (1884–1962)

    The veto is a President’s Constitutional right, given to him by the drafters of the Constitution because they wanted it as a check against irresponsible Congressional action. The veto forces Congress to take another look at legislation that has been passed. I think this is a responsible tool for a president of the United States, and I have sought to use it responsibly.
    Gerald R. Ford (b. 1913)