Suharto

Suharto (8 June 1921 – 27 January 2008) was the second President of Indonesia, having held the office for 31 years from 1967 following Sukarno's removal until his resignation in 1998.

Suharto was born in a small village, Kemusuk, in the Godean area near Yogyakarta, during the Dutch colonial era. He grew up in humble circumstances. His Javanese Muslim parents divorced not long after his birth, and he was passed between foster parents for much of his childhood. During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, Suharto served in Japanese-organised Indonesian security forces. Indonesia's independence struggle saw him joining the newly formed Indonesian army. Suharto rose to the rank of Major General following Indonesian independence. An attempted coup on 30 September 1965 was countered by Suharto-led troops and was blamed on the Indonesian Communist Party. The army subsequently led an anti-communist purge, and Suharto wrested power from Indonesia's founding president, Sukarno. He was appointed acting president in 1967 and President the following year. Support for Suharto's presidency was strong throughout the 1970s and 1980s but eroded following a severe financial crisis that led to widespread unrest and his resignation in May 1998. Suharto died in 2008.

The legacy of Suharto's 31-year rule is debated both in Indonesia and abroad. Under his "New Order" administration, Suharto constructed a strong, centralised and military-dominated government. An ability to maintain stability over a sprawling and diverse Indonesia and an avowedly anti-Communist stance won him the economic and diplomatic support of the West during the Cold War. For most of his presidency, Indonesia experienced significant economic growth and industrialisation, dramatically improving health, education and living standards. Indonesia's invasion and occupation of East Timor during Suharto's presidency resulted in at least 100,000 deaths. By the 1990s, the New Order's authoritarianism and widespread corruption were a source of discontent. In the years after his presidency, attempts to try him on charges of corruption and genocide failed because of his poor health and because of lack of support within Indonesia.

Read more about SuhartoEarly Life, Post-presidency

Other articles related to "suharto":

Sjafruddin Prawiranegara - Post Rebellion
... himself more through religion, preaching against corruption under Suharto, and leading the Petition of Fifty, and opposing the concept of Pancasila as the sole guiding principle for all groups, especially religious ones ... On 7 July 1983 he wrote an open letter to Suharto to protest against the provision in the draft law that endorsed the concept ... Due to this activity, Suharto banned Sjafruddin from leaving the country except for medical treatment ...
Second Development Cabinet
... Pembangunan II) was the Indonesian Cabinet which served under President Suharto and Vice President Hamengkubuwono IX ... The Cabinet was formed after Suharto was elected to a 2nd term as President by the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR) ... After this Cabinet and until Suharto's fall in 1998, all the other Development Cabinets would be dominated by members of Golkar and ABRI ...
Suharto - Post-presidency - Death
... On 4 January 2008, Suharto was taken to the Pertamina hospital, Jakarta with complications arising from a weak heart, swelling of limbs and stomach, and partial renal failure ... On 23 January, Suharto's health worsened further, as a sepsis infection spread through his body ... His family consented to the removal of life support machines, and he died on 27 January at 110 pm Suharto's body was taken from Jakarta to the Giri Bangun ...
Sumitro - Transition To The New Order and First Years of The New Order
... East Kalimantan to Jakarta, where he became a staff member for Major General Suharto, the Commander of the Army ... Suharto, who at this stage was on the path to an imminent power struggle with Sukarno, was wooing the support of Army Officers by appointing officers of ... For his part, Sumitro stuck by Suharto and did not waver in his support ...
Siti Hartinah
... April 28, 1996) was the wife of the second Indonesian president, Suharto ... Mrs Suharto was also widely acknowledged to be a close confidant and political advisor to Suharto ...