Settlement Movement (Israel)

Settlement movement (Hebrew: תנועת התיישבות‎) is a term used in Israel to describe national umbrella organisations for kibbutzim, moshavim, moshavim shitufiim, and communal settlements. It is not related to the term Israeli settlement, which denotes settlements outside of the Green Line.

Most kibbutzim are members of either the Kibbutz Movement or the Religious Kibbutz Movement, whilst most moshavim and communal settlements are divided between the Moshavim Movement, Mishkei Herut Beitar, the Agricultural Union and HaOved HaTzioni. Many religious moshavim are affiliated with Hapoel HaMizrachi or Agudat Israel Workers movements. Moshavim established after 1967 in the West Bank, outside the Green Line, are typically affiliated with Amana.

In the past there were several other organisations; the Kibbutz Movement was formed by a merger of the United Kibbutz Movement and Kibbutz Artzi in 1999, the former also formed by a merger of HaKibbutz HaMeuhad and Ihud HaKvutzot veHaKibbutzim in 1981. Most of the former organisations had political affiliations; HaKibbutz HaMeuhad was aligned with Ahdut HaAvoda and Ihud HaKvutzot veHaKibbutzim with Mapai and Labour.

To the extent that kibbutzim, moshavim, and moshavim shitufiim are agricultural cooperatives based on individual membership, the national settlement movements in Israel are viewed as secondary cooperatives or cooperative federations, whose members are lower-level primary cooperatives.

Cooperative settlements in Israel
By type
Kibbutz
  • List of kibbutzim
  • Hakhshara
  • Kibbutz volunteer
  • Urban kibbutz
Others
  • Community settlement
  • Moshav
  • Moshav shitufi
  • Youth village
By movements
Existing
  • Agricultural Union
  • Amana
  • HaMerkaz HaHakla'i
  • HaOved HaTzioni
  • Hapoel HaMizrachi
  • Hitahdut HaIkarim
  • Kibbutz Movement
  • Mishkei Herut Beitar
  • Moshavim Movement
  • Poalei Agudat Yisrael
  • Religious Kibbutz Movement
Defunct
Topics
  • Communal child rearing and collective education
  • Kibbutz crisis
  • Jewish land purchase in Palestine

Famous quotes containing the words settlement and/or movement:

    Free from public debt, at peace with all the world, and with no complicated interests to consult in our intercourse with foreign powers, the present may be hailed as the epoch in our history the most favorable for the settlement of those principles in our domestic policy which shall be best calculated to give stability to our Republic and secure the blessings of freedom to our citizens.
    Andrew Jackson (1767–1845)

    The American suffrage movement has been, until very recently, altogether a parlor affair, absolutely detached from the economic needs of the people.
    Emma Goldman (1869–1940)