Roman Soldier

In the Pre-Marian reforms the structure of the legions was as follows:

  • Contubernium - The smallest organized unit of soldiers in the Roman Army. It was composed of eight legionaries led by a non-commissioned officer called a decanus. When on the march a Legion would often march contubernium-abreast (8-abreast) and in the Imperial Legion, ten contubernia formed a centuria.
  • Maniple (Maniplulus) - a Maniple was the Pre-Marian sub-unit of the Roman Legions, consisting of 120 men (60 for the Triarii).
  • Legio (Republic) - Legions in the Pre-Marian armies consisted of 60 maniples of infantry and 10 Turmae of cavalry. By 250 BC, there would be four Legions, two commanded by each Consul, two Roman legions which would be accompanied by an additional two allied legion of similar strength and structure. For every Roman Legion there would be an allied Legion
  • Turmae - a unit of cavalry in the Pre-Marian army, which usually consisted of 30 horsemen

In the years following the reforms of Gaius Marius in 107 BC the organisation of the legions became standardised as follows:

  • Contubernium - The smallest organized unit of soldiers in the Roman Army. It was composed of eight legionaries led by a non-commissioned officer called a decanus. Ten contubernia formed a centuria.
  • Centuria - A centuria consisted of 80 men under the command of a Centurion and his Optio. Six centuria formed a cohort.
  • Cohors (Cohortes) - A cohort consisted of 480 men. The most senior ranking centurion of the six centuria commanded the entire cohort.
  • First Cohort (Cohors Prima) - The first cohort was a double strength cohort (consisting of five double-strength centuria) with a size of 800 men (excluding officers). The centurion of its first centuria, the Primus Pilus, commanded the first cohort and was also the most senior Centurion in the legion.
  • Legio (Imperial) - A legion was composed of nine cohorts and one first cohort. The legion's overall commander was the legatus legionis, assisted by the praefectus castrorum and other senior officers.
  • Vexillation - These were temporary task forces composed of one or multiple centuria detached from the legion for a specific purpose. Vexillations were under the command of an officer appointed by the Legatus.
Ancient Rome topics
  • Outline
  • Timeline
Epochs
  • Foundation
  • Monarchy
  • Republic
  • Empire
    • timeline
  • Principate
  • Dominate
  • Decline
  • Fall
  • Western Empire / Eastern Empire
Constitution
  • History
  • Kingdom
  • Republic
  • Empire
  • Late Empire
  • Senate
  • Legislative assemblies
    • Curiate
    • Century
    • Tribal
    • Plebeian
  • Executive magistrates
Government
  • Curia
  • Forum
  • Cursus honorum
  • Collegiality
  • Emperor
  • Legatus
  • Dux
  • Officium
  • Praefectus
  • Vicarius
  • Vigintisexviri
  • Lictor
  • Magister militum
  • Imperator
  • Princeps senatus
  • Pontifex Maximus
  • Augustus
  • Caesar
  • Tetrarch
  • Optimates
  • Populares
  • Province
Magistrates
Ordinary
  • Tribune
  • Quaestor
  • Aedile
  • Praetor
  • Consul
  • Censor
  • Promagistrate
  • Governor
Extraordinary
  • Dictator
  • Magister Equitum
  • Decemviri
  • Consular Tribune
  • Triumvir
  • Rex
  • Interrex
Law
  • Twelve Tables
  • Mos maiorum
  • Roman citizenship
  • Auctoritas
  • Imperium
  • Status
  • Litigation
Military
  • Borders
  • Establishment
  • Structure
  • Campaigns
  • Political control
  • Strategy
  • Engineering
  • Frontiers and fortifications
    • Castra
  • Technology
  • Army
    • Legion
    • Infantry tactics
    • Personal equipment
    • Siege engines
  • Navy
    • fleets
  • Auxiliaries
  • Decorations and punishments
  • Hippika gymnasia
Economy
  • Agriculture
  • Deforestation
  • Commerce
  • Finance
  • Currency
  • Republican currency
  • Imperial currency
  • SPQR
Technology
  • Abacus
  • Numerals
  • Civil engineering
  • Military engineering
  • Military technology
  • Aqueducts
  • Bridges
  • Circus
  • Concrete
  • Forum
  • Metallurgy
  • Roads
  • Sanitation
  • Thermae
Culture
  • Architecture
  • Art
  • Bathing
  • Calendar
  • Clothing
  • Cosmetics
  • Cuisine
  • Hairstyles
  • Education
  • Literature
  • Music
  • Mythology
  • Religion
  • Romanization
  • Sexuality
  • Theatre
  • Wine
Society
  • Patricians
  • Plebs
  • Conflict of the Orders
  • Secessio plebis
  • Equestrian order
  • Gens
  • Tribes
  • Naming conventions
  • Women
  • Marriage
  • Slavery
  • Bagaudae
Language
(Latin)
  • History
  • Alphabet
  • Romance languages
Versions
  • Old
  • Classical
  • Vulgar
  • Late
  • Medieval
  • Renaissance
  • New
  • Contemporary
  • Ecclesiastical
Writers
  • Apuleius
  • Caesar
  • Catullus
  • Cicero
  • Ennius
  • Horace
  • Juvenal
  • Livy
  • Lucan
  • Lucretius
  • Martial
  • Ovid
  • Petronius
  • Plautus
  • Pliny the Elder
  • Pliny the Younger
  • Propertius
  • Quintilian
  • Sallust
  • Seneca
  • Statius
  • Suetonius
  • Tacitus
  • Terence
  • Tibullus
  • Varro
  • Virgil
  • Vitruvius
Lists
  • Wars
  • Battles
  • Generals
  • Legions
  • Emperors
  • Geographers
  • Institutions
  • Laws
  • Consuls
  • Distinguished women
Major cities
  • Alexandria
  • Antioch
  • Carthage
  • Constantinople
  • Londinium
  • Mediolanum
  • Pompeii
  • Ravenna
  • Rome
  • Smyrna
Other topics
  • Fiction set in ancient Rome
    • films
    • video games
  • Portal

grasdes romaine

Other articles related to "roman soldier, roman soldiers, romans, roman":

Criticism Of Jesus - Criticism By Jesus' Contemporaries - Celsus
... that Jesus was the bastard child of the Roman soldier Panthera or Pantera ... Jesus in the Talmud) and that his true father was a Roman soldier named Panthera ... Panthera was a common name among Roman soldiers of that period ...
The Passion (TV Serial) - Cast
... Joseph of Arimathea Elif Ye┼čil as Nita, Caiaphas' servant Romans Roger Ashton-Griffiths as Syrian prefect Mansour Badri as Roman sergeant at Golgotha El Housseine Dejjiti as Centurion at bakery Karim Doukkali ...

Famous quotes containing the words soldier and/or roman:

    Will you vouchsafe to teach a soldier terms
    Such as will enter at a lady’s ear
    And plead his love-suit to her gentle heart?
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

    Before the Roman came to Rye or out to Severn strode,
    The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English road.
    Gilbert Keith Chesterton (1874–1936)