Restoration Movement

The Restoration Movement (also known as the American Restoration Movement or the Stone-Campbell Movement, Campbellites, and Campbellism) is a Christian movement that began on the American frontier during the Second Great Awakening (1790–1870) of the early 19th century. The movement sought to restore the church and "the unification of all Christians in a single body patterned after the church of the New Testament." Members do not identify as Protestant but simply as Christian.

The Restoration Movement developed from several independent efforts to return to apostolic Christianity, but two groups, which independently developed similar approaches to the Christian faith, were particularly important to the development of the movement. The first, led by Barton W. Stone, began at Cane Ridge, Kentucky and called themselves simply "Christians". The second began in western Pennsylvania and Virginia (now West Virginia) and was led by Thomas Campbell and his son, Alexander Campbell; they used the name "Disciples of Christ". Both groups sought to restore the whole Christian church on the pattern set forth in the New Testament, and both believed that creeds kept Christianity divided. In 1832 they joined in fellowship with a handshake.

Among other things, they were united in the belief that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; that Christians should celebrate the Lord's Supper on the first day of each week; and that baptism of adult believers by immersion in water is a necessary condition for salvation. Because the founders wanted to abandon all denominational labels, they used the biblical names for the followers of Jesus. Both groups promoted a return to the purposes of the 1st-century churches as described in the New Testament. One historian of the movement has argued that it was primarily a unity movement, with the restoration motif playing a subordinate role.

The Restoration Movement has since divided into multiple separate groups. There are three main branches in the U.S.: the Churches of Christ, the Christian churches and churches of Christ, and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Some see divisions in the movement as the result of the tension between the goals of restoration and ecumenism, with the Churches of Christ and Christian churches and churches of Christ resolving the tension by stressing restoration, while the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) resolved the tension by stressing ecumenism. A number of groups outside the U.S. also have historical associations with this movement, such as the Evangelical Christian Church in Canada, and the Churches of Christ in Australia.

Read more about Restoration MovementBackground Influences, Stone Movement, Campbell Movement, Merger of The Stone and Campbell Movements, Internal Strains, Separation of The Churches of Christ and Christian Churches, Subsequent Development of The Christian Churches, Subsequent Development of The Churches of Christ, Reunion Efforts, Timeline, Names For The Movement, Key Principles, Churches Outside North America, Key Figures

Other articles related to "restoration movement, movement, restoration":

Restoration Movement - Key Figures
... the best-known and most influential early leaders of the movement, others preceded them and laid the foundation for their work ... (1878–1969) His successful preaching career notably bridged a racial divide in the Restoration Movement prior to the American Civil Rights Movement ... a successful evangelist who helped to stabilize the Campbell movement as it was separating from the Baptists "Raccoon" John Smith (1784–1868), instrumental in bringing the Stone and ...
Gwisil Boksin
... He is remembered primarily as a leader of a movement for the restoration of Baekje after the kingdom fell in 660 ... surrender to Tang, Boksin and the monk Dochim kindled a restoration movement ... Tang counterattacked, and besieged the restoration movement at a fortress known as Juryu Castle (주류성/周留城) ...
History Of Christianity In The United States - 19th Century - Second Great Awakening - Restoration Movement
... The Restoration Movement (also known as the "Stone-Campbell Movement") generally refers to the "American Restoration Movement," which began on the American frontier during the ... The movement sought to reform the church and unite Christians ... The Restoration Movement began as two separate threads, each of which initially developed without the knowledge of the other, during the Second ...
Benjamin Franklin (clergyman) - Biography - Career - Restoration Movement Conversion
... In November 1834, pioneer Restoration Movement preacher and elder Samuel Rogers moved to the Falls of Rough Creek in Henry County from Kentucky, becoming a ... Rogers began to preach Restoration Movement doctrine using a local schoolhouse to deliver his orations ... six or seven would go on to become preachers in the movement Franklin, three of his brothers, Eider Adamson, John T ...
Campbellite - Influence of The Campbells
... Thomas and Alexander Campbell were the most prominent leaders of the Disciples of Christ movement of the early 19th century ... It merged with the Christians (Stone Movement) in 1832 to form what is now described as the American Restoration Movement (also known as the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement) ... Other prominent individuals in the Restoration Movement included Barton W ...

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