Plan Dalet

Plan Dalet, or Plan D, (Hebrew: תוכנית ד'‎, Tokhnit dalet) was a plan worked out by the Haganah, a Jewish paramilitary group, the main Zionist underground militia, in Palestine in March 1948. It was the fourth (dalet, ד, the fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet), and final version of less substantial plans that had outlined what the Zionists had in mind for Palestine and its native population. Its purpose is much debated. The plan was a set of guidelines the stated purpose of which was to take control of the territory of the Jewish state and to defend its borders and people, including the Jewish population outside of the borders, in expectation of an invasion by regular Arab armies. According to the Israeli Yehoshafat Harkabi, "Plan Dalet" called for the conquest and securing of Arab towns and villages inside the area alloted to the Jewish state and along its borders. In case of resistance, the population of conquered villages was to be expelled outside the borders of the Jewish state. If no resistance was met, the residents could stay put, under military rule.

The intent of Plan Dalet is subject to much controversy, with historians on one side asserting that it was entirely defensive, while others assert that the plan aimed at an ethnic cleansing, which from the start was an integral part of a carefully planned strategy.

The implementation of the plan in the months following a decisive meeting of 10 March 1948 at the The Red House, the headquarters of the Hagana in northern Tel Aviv, saw more than half of Palestine's native population, nearly 800,000 people, uprooted, 531 villages destroyed, and eleven urban neighbourhoods emptied.

Read more about Plan Dalet:  Background, The Plan, Execution, Outcome, Controversy About The Intent of Plan Dalet

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1947–1948 Civil War In Mandatory Palestine - Beginning of The Civil War (30 November 1947 – 1 April 1948) - Plan Dalet
... Plan Dalet was finalized on 10 March 1948, under the direction of Yigael Yadin ... Plan Dalet caused quite a controversy among historians ... Some see it as a plan that was primarily defensive and military in nature and a preparation against invasion, whereas others think that the plan was offensive in nature and ...
Causes Of The 1948 Palestinian Exodus - The "Master Plan" Explanation - Criticisms of "Master Plan" Explanation
... Historians skeptical of the "Master Plan" emphasize that no central directive has surfaced from the archives and argue that, had such an understanding been widespread, it would have left a mark in the ... within the framework of a premeditated plan but in the heat of battle, and was dictated predominantly by military ad hoc considerations (notably the need to deny ... on the ground and in no way foreseen in military plans for the capture of the town ...
Controversy About The Intent of Plan Dalet
... The intent of Plan Dalet is subject to much controversy, with historians on the one extreme asserting that it was entirely defensive, and historians on the other ... Committee on Jerusalem As is witnessed by the Haganah's Plan Dalet, the Jewish leadership was determined to link the envisaged Jewish state with the Jerusalem corpus separatum ... Khalidi calls Plan Dalet a "Master Plan for the Conquest of Palestine" ...
The Ethnic Cleansing Of Palestine - Synopsis - Finalising A Master Plan
... Plan D (Plan Dalet) was adopted on March 10, 1948 ... represented the beginning of the actual execution of Plan Dalet ... The implementation of Plan Dalet continued in earnest ...

Famous quotes containing the word plan:

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