Nation

A nation may refer to a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, or history. In this definition, a nation has no physical borders. However, it can also refer to people who share a common territory and government (for example the inhabitants of a sovereign state) irrespective of their ethnic make-up. The word nation can more specifically refer to people of North American Indians, such as the Cherokee Nation that prefer this term over the contested term tribe.

According to Joseph Stalin writing in 1913 in Marxism and the National Question: "a nation is not a racial or tribal, but a historically constituted community of people;" "a nation is not a casual or ephemeral conglomeration, but a stable community of people"; "a common language is one of the characteristic features of a nation"; "a nation is formed only as a result of lengthy and systematic intercourse, as a result of people living together generation after generation"; "a common territory is one of the characteristic features of a nation"; "a common economic life, economic cohesion, is one of the characteristic features of a nation"; "a common psychological make-up, which manifests itself in a common culture, is one of the characteristic features of a nation"; "A nation is a historically constituted, stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, and psychological make-up manifested in a common culture." According to Stalin, this would exclude Jews as they have no common territory.

An alternative view, expressed by Otto Bauer, author of Social Democracy and the Nationalities Question (1907), that "A nation is an aggregate of people bound into a community of character by a common destiny." would include Jews. R. Springer, author of The National Problem (1909), also cited by Stalin in his discussion of this matter, held similar views.

Read more about Nation:  Etymology, Medieval nationes

Other articles related to "nation, nations":

1824 Constitution Of Mexico - Drafting and Promulgation
... to dividing the territory into independent states, considering that this would weaken the nation, which needed unity to counter any attempted reconquest by ... the federalist ideology argued that it was the desire and will of the nation to be formed in this way, and cited the prosperity established under this form of government in the United States, in ... The nation formally assumed sovereignty and was constituted by free, sovereign and independent states ...
Nation (disambiguation)
... A nation is a unified social community ... Nation or The Nation may also refer to A country, a division of a geographical territory marked by boundaries ...
Nation - Medieval nationes
... A significant early use of the term nation, as natio, occurred at mediaeval universities to describe the colleagues in a college or students, above all. 1349 the studium generale which consisted of Bohemian, Bavarian, Saxon and Polish nations ... they took their name "where foreigners eat and have their places of meeting, each nation apart from the others, and a Knight has charge of each one ...

Famous quotes containing the word nation:

    And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places.
    Bible: New Testament Jesus, in Matthew, 24:6-7.

    Liberty is a blessing so inestimable, that, wherever there appears any probability of recovering it, a nation may willingly run many hazards, and ought not even to repine at the greatest effusion of blood or dissipation of treasure.
    David Hume (1711–1776)

    I wish my countrymen to consider that whatever the human law may be, neither an individual nor a nation can ever commit the least act of injustice against the obscurest individual without having to pay the penalty for it. A government which deliberately enacts injustice, and persists in it, will at length even become the laughing-stock of the world.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)