Mindfulness (Pali: sati, Sanskrit: smṛti; also translated as awareness) is a spiritual or psychological faculty (indriya) that is considered to be of great importance in the path to enlightenment according to the teaching of the Buddha. It is one of the seven factors of enlightenment. "Correct" or "right" mindfulness (Pali: sammā-sati, Sanskrit samyak-smṛti) is the seventh element of the noble eightfold path. Mindfulness meditation can also be traced back to the earlier Upanishads, part of Hindu scripture.

Enlightenment (bodhi) is a state of being in which greed, hatred and delusion (Pali: moha) have been overcome, abandoned and are absent from the mind. Mindfulness, which, among other things, is an attentive awareness of the reality of things (especially of the present moment) is an antidote to delusion and is considered as such a 'power' (Pali: bala). This faculty becomes a power in particular when it is coupled with clear comprehension of whatever is taking place.

The Buddha advocated that one should establish mindfulness (satipatthana) in one's day-to-day life maintaining as much as possible a calm awareness of one's bodily functions, sensations (feelings), objects of consciousness (thoughts and perceptions), and consciousness itself. The practice of mindfulness supports analysis resulting in the arising of wisdom (Pali: paññā, Sanskrit: prajñā). A key innovative teaching of the Buddha was that meditative stabilisation must be combined with liberating discernment.

The Satipatthana Sutta (Sanskrit: Smṛtyupasthāna Sūtra) is an early text dealing with mindfulness.

Mindfulness practice, inherited from the Buddhist tradition, is being employed in Western psychology to alleviate a variety of mental and physical conditions, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, and in the prevention of relapse in depression and drug addiction. See also Mindfulness (psychology).

Read more about Mindfulness:  Definitions, Terminology, Ten Forms, Continuous Practice, Zen Criticism, Scientific Research, Alternate Translations

Other articles related to "mindfulness":

Mindfulness (disambiguation)
... Mindfulness is a concept in Buddhist meditiation ... Mindfulness may also refer to Mindfulness (psychology), therapeutic applications based on the concept in Buddhist meditation Mindfulness, a 1989 book by Ellen Langer Mindfulness (journal) ...
Mindfulness - Alternate Translations
... attention (Mahasi Sayadaw) Inspection (Herbert Guenther) Mindfulness Self-recollection (Jack Kornfield) Recollecting mindfulness (Alexander Berzin) Recollection ...
Mindfulness (psychology) - Reception and Criticism
... Various scholars have criticized how mindfulness has been defined or represented in recent western psychology publications ... Alan Wallace has stated that an influential definition of mindfulness in the psychology literature (by Bishop et al.) differs in significant ways from how ... that "The modern description and practice of mindfulness are certainly valuable, as thousands of people have discovered for themselves through their own practice ...
... of three main components - self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness ... Mindfulness Self-compassion requires taking a balanced approach to one's negative emotions so that feelings are neither suppressed nor exaggerated ... Mindfulness is a non-judgmental, receptive mind state in which individuals observe their thoughts and feelings as they are, without trying to suppress or deny them ...
Charles Halpern - Current Occupation
... to be Director of the Berkeley Initiative for Mindfulness in Law, an innovative new program aiming to introduce the benefits of mindfulness into legal education and law practice ... The Mindfulness Initiative builds on earlier explorations of mindfulness at Berkeley Law, including the 2010 Conference on The Mindful Lawyer, which drew nearly 200 lawyers ...