Lithuania Minor

Lithuania Minor (Lithuanian: Mažoji Lietuva; German: Kleinlitauen; Polish: Litwa Mniejsza; Russian: Máлая Литвá) or Prussian Lithuania (Lithuanian: Prūsų Lietuva; German: Preußisch-Litauen, Polish: Litwa Pruska) is a historical ethnographic region of Prussia, later East Prussia in Germany, where Prussian Lithuanians or Lietuvininkai lived. Lithuania Minor enclosed the northern part of this province and got its name due to the territory's substantial Lithuanian-speaking population. Prior to the invasion of the Teutonic Knights in the 13th century, the main part of the territory later known as Lithuania Minor was inhabited by the tribes of Skalvians and Nadruvians. The land became depopulated to some extent during the warfare between Lithuania and the Order. The war ended with the Treaty of Melno and the land was resettled by Lithuanian newcomers, returning refugees, and the remaining indigenous Baltic peoples; the term Lithuania Minor appeared for the first time between 1517 and 1526. With the exception of the Klaipėda Region, which became a mandated territory of the League of Nations in 1920 by the Treaty of Versailles and was annexed to Lithuania from 1923 to 1939, the area was part of Prussia until 1945. Today a small portion of Lithuania Minor is within the borders of modern Lithuania and Poland while most of the territory is part of the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia.

Although hardly anything remains of the original culture due to the expulsion of Germans after World War II, Lithuania Minor has made an important contribution to Lithuanian culture as a whole. The written standard form of Prussian-Lithuanian provided the "skeleton" of modern Lithuanian, evolved from people close to Stanislovas Rapalionis and graduating from Lithuanian language school established in Vilnius, who were expelled from Grand Duchy during counter-reformation years. Those include notable names lake Abraomas Kulvietis and Martynas Mažvydas. During the years of Lithuanian press ban most of the Lithuanian books in Latin alphabet were printed in Lithuania minor.

It was the home of Kristijonas Donelaitis, pastor and poet and author of The Seasons, which is considered asan landstone in Lithuanian literature, and Vydūnas, a prominent writer and philosopher.

Read more about Lithuania MinorTerminology, Geography, Culture, Lithuanian Claims

Other articles related to "lithuania, lithuania minor":

Evangelical Lutheran Church Of Lithuania - History - Prussian Lithuania
... Since 1945 the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Lithuania has included Lutheran congregations in the formerly German Klaipėda Region, the northern part of Lithuania Minor, where Lutheranism dates ... Memelland (what is now the Klaipėda Region of modern Lithuania) were members of the Evangelical Church of the old-Prussian Union, and most of them were resettled in the Federal Republic of Germany along with ... Since 1525 Lutheranism started spreading among Lithuanians in Lithuania Minor, which comprised about a quarter of Ducal Prussia, the first state to officially adopt Lutheranism as state religion ...
Lithuania Minor - Lithuanian Claims
... Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1422 Treaty of Melno refused of all territorial claims in Prussia ... Grand Duchy of Lithuania was occupied by Russia in 1795 and Lithuania became independent in 1918 ... Prussia would be attached to autonomous Lithuania within Russian Empire ...
Act Of Tilsit
... Tilžės aktas) was an act, signed in Tilsit by 24 members of the National Council of Lithuania Minor (Lithuanian Mažosios Lietuvos tautinė taryba) on November 30, 1918 ... Signatories demanded unification of Lithuania Minor and Lithuania Proper into a single Lithuanian state ... The act was widely published in the Republic of Lithuania only rather than in Lithuania Minor ...
Regions Of Lithuania - Regions in Politics
... their boundaries more clearly, as there is a project to change the system of counties in Lithuania into ethnographic regions, which would be called lands (singular - žem ... the limited functions of counties, 10 of them are not needed for Lithuania ... is that in other countries historical territories are being revived, while in Lithuania artificially made counties exist ...
Evangelical Lutheran Church Of Lithuania - History - Counter Reformation and Decline of The Church
... With the dwindling of Protestantism in Lithuania proper since the 17th century the Prussian Lithuanian Lutheran clergy consisted mostly of natives, many of German language, who had learned ... In 1525 the Lutheran church found only nine places in Lithuania Minor with churches, to wit Gerdau/Girdava (Zheleznodorozhny), Insterburg/Įsrutis (Chernyakhovsk), Memel/Klaipėda (3 churches, one of. 1529 and 1600 31, mostly simple structured, Lutheran churches have been erected in Lithuania Minor ...

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