Lesser Poland

Lesser Poland (also Little Poland, Polish Małopolska, Latin Polonia Minor) is one of the historical regions of Poland; its capital in the city Kraków. It forms the southern part of the country, and should not be confused with the modern Lesser Poland Voivodeship, which covers only a small, southern part of Lesser Poland. Historical Lesser Poland is much bigger than the current voivodeship which bears its name; stretching from Częstochowa in the west to the lands northeast of Lublin in the east. In the late Middle Ages, Lesser Poland gradually became the center of Polish statehood, with Kraków being the capital of the country from mid-11th century until 1596. Its nobility ruled Poland when Queen Jadwiga was too young to control the state, and the Union of Krewo with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the brainchild of Lesser Poland's szlachta.

In the 17th century, the importance of Lesser Poland diminished, when Warsaw and centrally located province of Mazovia emerged as key parts of the nation. Lesser Poland's territory was divided along the Vistula river line between Austrian Empire and Russian Empire during the Partitions of Poland. Its boundaries are now often limited only to its southern, smaller part controlled throughout the 19th century by Austria as western Galicia. As a result of this long-lasting division, many inhabitants of northern part of this historic province of Poland (with such cities, as Lublin, Radom, and Kielce) have lost their Lesser Poland's identity. Today, Lesser Poland is divided between several voivodeships, as seen on the map on the right – whole Lesser Poland Voivodeship, whole Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, western half of Lublin Voivodeship, western part of Subcarpathian Voivodeship, eastern half of Silesian Voivodeship, southern part of Mazovian Voivodeship and southeastern corner of Łódź Voivodeship (around Opoczno).

Read more about Lesser Poland:  Geography and Boundaries, Origin of The Name, Major Cities and Towns (by Size), Economy and Industry, Tourism and Nature, Regional Identity and Culture, Sports and Entertainment, Lesser Polish Dialect of The Polish Language

Other articles related to "lesser poland, poland, lesser":

Lesser Poland Regional Assembly
... The Lesser Poland Regional Assembly (Polish Sejmik Województwa Małopolskiego) is the regional legislature of the voivodeship of Lesser Poland, Poland ...
... in Włoszczowa County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland ... It lies historic Lesser Poland, approximately 14 kilometres (9 mi) south-west of Włoszczowa and 57 km (35 mi) west of the regional capital Kielce ... was 600, and during the Protestant Reformation, it became one of centers of Calvinism in Lesser Poland ...
Henry I The Bearded - Life - Death of Władysław III Spindleshanks. Henry I, High Duke of Poland
... As he had no issue, his only heir in Greater Poland was Henry ... At first, Henry decided to take care of the fate of Lesser Poland, especially after the death of his cousin Duke Casimir I of Opole and the minority of his sons Mieszko II the Fat and W ... wasn't in the hands of Henry and Konrad, but Lesser Poland noble House of Gryfici who decided to support the Silesian Duke ...
Lesser Poland - Lesser Polish Dialect of The Polish Language
... Lesser Polish dialect is spoken in southeastern corner of Poland, both in lands which belong to historical Lesser Poland, and in areas which are not part of the province (around ... On the other hand, as seen on the map, Lesser Polish dialect is not spoken in extreme northeast of Lesser Poland, in Siedlce and vicinity, where people rather speak Masovian dialect ... language of the Vistulans, it is the most numerous dialectal group in modern Poland ...
Sandomierz Wilderness
... (Polish Puszcza Sandomierska) is one of the biggest forests in southern Poland covering large parts of the Sandomierz Basin ... and in the Middle Ages its eastern edge created a natural border between Lesser Poland and Red Ruthenia ... It is regarded as one of the wildest forested areas of Poland ...

Famous quotes containing the words poland and/or lesser:

    It is often said that Poland is a country where there is anti-semitism and no Jews, which is pathology in its purest state.
    Bronislaw Geremek (b. 1932)

    Flower sent to flower;
    for white hands, the lesser white,
    less lovely of flower leaf.
    Hilda Doolittle (1886–1961)