The Iroquois ( /ˈɪrəkwɔɪ/ or /ˈɪrəkwɑː/), also known as the Haudenosaunee or the "People of the Longhouse", are a league of several nations and tribes of indigenous people of North America. After the Iroquoian-speaking peoples of present-day central and upstate New York coalesced as distinct tribes, by the 16th century or earlier, they came together in an association known today as the Iroquois League, or the "League of Peace and Power".

The original Iroquois League was often known as the Five Nations, as it was composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca nations. After the Tuscarora nation joined the League in 1722, the Iroquois became known as the Six Nations. The League is embodied in the Grand Council, an assembly of fifty hereditary sachems. Other Iroquian peoples lived along the St. Lawrence River, around the Great Lakes and in the American Southeast, but they were not part of the Haudenosaunee and often competed and warred with these tribes.

When Europeans first arrived in North America, the Haudenosaunee were based in what is now the northeastern United States, primarily in what is referred to today as upstate New York west of the Hudson River and through the Finger Lakes region. Today, the Iroquois live primarily in New York, Quebec, and Ontario.

The Iroquois League has also been known as the Iroquois Confederacy. Modern scholars distinguish between the League and the Confederacy. According to this interpretation, the Iroquois League refers to the ceremonial and cultural institution embodied in the Grand Council, while the Iroquois Confederacy was the decentralized political and diplomatic entity that emerged in response to European colonization. The League still exists. The Confederacy dissolved after the defeat of the British and allied Iroquois nations in the American Revolutionary War.

Read more about IroquoisName, Government, International

Other articles related to "iroquois":

Lachine Massacre - The Iroquois Attack
... On the rainy morning of August 5, 1689, Iroquois warriors used the element of surprise to launch their nighttime raid against the undefended settlement of Lachine ... were spared and actually adopted into Iroquois society ...
Lachine Massacre - Diplomatic Breakdown Precedes Attack
... proxy in New France and New England, and the British of New York prompted local Iroquois warriors to attack New France's undefended settlements ... Since the establishment of New France 80 years prior, the Iroquois had seen the colonists as a threat to their sovereignty and were eager to forge an alliance with the English to subdue the French threat ... In an effort to disrupt colonial forces, the Iroquois made aggressive manoeuvres against French-allied tribes such as the Huron and Illinois, who were aiding France's fur ...
Lambert Closse
... He is most known for his work in fighting the Iroquois and exhibiting combat tactics that allowed him to win many fights during his time ... He met his wife, Elisabeth Moyen, while rescuing her from the Iroquois in 1657 ... Lambert Closse died in combat fighting the Iroquois in 1662 ...
Lachine Massacre - French Inaction in The Aftermath
... Rémy, Rolland and La Présentation, marched against the Iroquois ... walls of Fort Rolland by order of Governor Denonville, who was attempting to pacify the local Iroquois inhabitants ... soldiers at his disposal within the Montreal barracks, and could have easily overrun the Iroquois forces, but diplomacy was his decided course of action and he did not utilize his troops to repel ...
Iroquois, Louisville
... Iroquois is a neighborhood on the south side of Louisville, Kentucky, USA ... Hazelwood Avenue, Beechmont, Third Street, Kenwood Drive, and Iroquois Park ...

Famous quotes containing the word iroquois:

    While the very inhabitants of New England were thus fabling about the country a hundred miles inland, which was a terra incognita to them,... Champlain, the first Governor of Canada,... had already gone to war against the Iroquois in their forest forts, and penetrated to the Great Lakes and wintered there, before a Pilgrim had heard of New England.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)