Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina was the deadliest and most destructive Atlantic hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the costliest natural disaster, as well as one of the five deadliest hurricanes, in the history of the United States. Among recorded Atlantic hurricanes, it was the sixth strongest overall. At least 1,833 people died in the hurricane and subsequent floods, making it the deadliest U.S. hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane; total property damage was estimated at $81 billion (2005 USD), nearly triple the damage brought by Hurricane Andrew in 1992.

Hurricane Katrina formed over the Bahamas on August 23, 2005 and crossed southern Florida as a moderate Category 1 hurricane, causing some deaths and flooding there before strengthening rapidly in the Gulf of Mexico. The hurricane strengthened to a Category 5 hurricane over the warm Gulf water, but weakened before making its second landfall as a Category 3 hurricane on the morning of Monday, August 29 in southeast Louisiana. It caused severe destruction along the Gulf coast from central Florida to Texas, much of it due to the storm surge. The most significant number of deaths occurred in New Orleans, Louisiana, which flooded as the levee system catastrophically failed, in many cases hours after the storm had moved inland. Eventually 80% of the city and large tracts of neighboring parishes became flooded, and the floodwaters lingered for weeks. However, the worst property damage occurred in coastal areas, such as all Mississippi beachfront towns, which were flooded over 90% in hours, as boats and casino barges rammed buildings, pushing cars and houses inland, with waters reaching 6–12 miles (10–19 km) from the beach.

The hurricane surge protection failures in New Orleans are considered the worst civil engineering disaster in U.S. history and prompted a lawsuit against the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), the designers and builders of the levee system as mandated by the Flood Control Act of 1965. Responsibility for the failures and flooding was laid squarely on the Army Corps in January 2008 by Judge Stanwood Duval, U.S. District Court, but the federal agency could not be held financially liable due to sovereign immunity in the Flood Control Act of 1928. There was also an investigation of the responses from federal, state and local governments, resulting in the resignation of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) director Michael D. Brown, and of New Orleans Police Department (NOPD) Superintendent Eddie Compass.

Several agencies including the United States Coast Guard (USCG), National Hurricane Center (NHC), and National Weather Service (NWS) were commended for their actions. They provided accurate hurricane weather tracking forecasts with sufficient lead time. Unfortunately, even the most insistent appeals from national, state and local public officials to residents to evacuate before the storm did not warn that the levees could breach and fail.

Read more about Hurricane KatrinaMeteorological History, Impact, Aftermath, Reconstruction, Representation in Other Media

Other articles related to "hurricane katrina, katrina, hurricane, hurricanes":

Canadian Response To Hurricane Katrina - Other Help
... announced that it was donating $5 million to the Hurricane Katrina fund administered by former presidents Bush and Clinton ... Brunswick and Prince Edward Island offered shelter to the homeless survivors of hurricane Katrina ... On September 7, the Canadian Embassy started a Hurricane Katrina fund to support victims in the Gulf region ...
Mc Glinchey Stafford - Hurricane Katrina
... With Hurricane Katrina approaching the Louisiana coast, McGlinchey Stafford implemented an emergency plan it had drafted after the September 11 attacks ... Orleans staff, so that they could deal with Katrina-related issues ...
Hurricane Katrina - Representation in Other Media
... Hurricane Katrina has also been the subject of several documentary films, including Spike Lee's When the Levees Broke, and Darren Martinez's film, Hellp ... broadcast on May 16, 2006, featured a teenage victim of Hurricane Katrina in the medical storyline ... caught in an anti-terrorist round-up as he was trying to help neighbors in the aftermath of the hurricane ...
St. Patrick's Church (New Orleans, Louisiana) - History - Hurricane Katrina
... Patrick's was not in the flood zone during and after Hurricane Katrina and did not experience significant physical damage ... from throughout the archdiocese and were scattered by the hurricane like everyone else ... Louis Cathedral held the first masses in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina on Sunday, October 2, 2005 ...
List Of United States Hurricanes - Impact
... The Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 was the most intense hurricane to make landfall on the country, having struck the Florida Keys with a pressure of 892 mbar ... It was one of only three hurricanes to move ashore as a Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale the others were Hurricane Camille in 1969 and Hurricane Andrew in 1992 ... Hurricane Katrina in 2005 was the third most intense hurricane to strike the country with a pressure of 920 mbar, though its winds were not as strong as Andrew ...

Famous quotes containing the word hurricane:

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