Dominion Of Ceylon
Ceylon, known today as Sri Lanka, was a Dominion in the Commonwealth of Nations between 1948 and 1972. In 1948, British Ceylon was granted independence as Ceylon. In 1972, Ceylon became a republic within the Commonwealth, and its name was changed to "Sri Lanka". Ceylon was an island country in South Asia, located about 31 kilometres (19.3 mi) off the southern coast of India.
The country has also been a centre of the Buddhist religion and culture from ancient times as well as having a strong Hindu presence. The Sinhalese community formed the majority of the population; Sri Lankan Tamils, who were concentrated in the north and east of the island, formed the largest ethnic minority. Other communities included Moors, Burghers, Kaffirs, Malays and the indigenous Vedda people.
The major export and mainstay of the economy was the production of tea, coffee, coconuts, rubber and cinnamon, which were native to the country. After over two thousand years of rule by local kingdoms, parts of Sri Lanka were colonized by Portugal and the Netherlands beginning in the 16th century, before control of the entire country was ceded to the British Empire in 1815.
During World War II, Ceylon served as an important base for the Allied forces in the fight against the Japanese Empire. A nationalist political movement arose in the country in the early 20th century with the aim of obtaining political independence, which was eventually achieved in 1948 following peaceful negotiations with the British.
Other articles related to "dominion of ceylon, ceylon, dominion":
... Ceylon became a fully independent Dominion within the British Commonwealth on 4 February 1948 (now the Commonwealth of Nations) ...
... Main article Royal Ceylon Air Force Early administration and training was carried out by RAF officers and other personnel, who were seconded to the new ... The closure of British bases in Ceylon in 1956 saw the air force take over former RAF bases Katunayake and China Bay became RCyAF operational stations while auxiliary functions were carried ... The Royal Ceylon Air Force first went into combat in 1971 when the Marxist JVP launched an island-wide coup on April 5 ...
... When Ceylon was granted independence from Britain as a dominion in 1948, the need of a new national emblem arose ... had a disk with a gold lion passant holding a sword (here called the Ceylon lion) in its right fore paw, on a maroon background, was taken from the Royal ... with the crown ensigning the roundel is called the Ceylon crown it follows the design of the crown worn by the kings of Kandy ...
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