Crime statistics attempt to provide statistical measures of the crime in societies. Given that crime is usually secretive by nature, measurements of it are likely to be inaccurate.
Several methods for measuring crime exist, including household surveys, hospital or insurance records, and compilations by police and similar law enforcement agencies. Typically official crime statistics are the latter, but some offences are likely to go unreported to the police. Public surveys are sometimes conducted to estimate the amount of crime not reported to police. Such surveys are usually more reliable for assessing trends. Public surveys rarely encompass all crime, rarely procure statistics useful for local crime prevention, often ignore offences against children, and do not count offenders brought before the criminal justice system.
Crime statistics are gathered and reported by many countries and are of interest to several international organizations, including Interpol and the United Nations. Law enforcement agencies in some countries, such as the FBI in the United States and the Home Office in England & Wales, publish crime indices, which are compilations of statistics for various types of crime.
Two major methods for collecting crime data are law enforcement reports, which only reflect reported crimes and victimization statistical surveys, which rely on individual honesty. For less frequent crimes such as intentional homicide and armed robbery, reported incidences are generally more reliable. Because laws vary between jurisdictions, comparing crime statistics between and even within countries can be difficult.
The U.S. has two major data collection programs, the Uniform Crime Reports from the FBI and the National Crime Victimization Survey from the Bureau of Justice Statistics. However, the U.S. has no comprehensive infrastructure to monitor crime trends and report the information to related parties such as law enforcement.
Research using a series of victim surveys in 18 countries of the European Union funded by the European Commission has reported (2005) that the level of crime in Europe has fallen back to the levels of 1990, and notes that levels of common crime have shown declining trends in the U.S., Canada, Australia and other industrialized countries as well. The European researchers say a general consensus identifies demographic change as the leading cause for this international trend. Although homicide and robbery rates rose in the U.S. in the 1980s, by the end of the century they had declined by 40%.
However they suggest that "increased use of crime prevention measures may indeed be the common factor behind the near universal decrease in overall levels of crime in the Western world", since decreases have been most pronounced in property crime and less so, if at all, in contact crimes.
Other articles related to "crime statistics, crime, crimes":
... Crime statistics vary considerably through different parts of Canada ... In general, the eastern provinces have the lowest violent crime rates while the western provinces have higher rates and the territories higher still ... Of the provinces, Saskatchewan has the highest violent crime rate ...
... into allegations that Overland willingly aided in selectively releasing crime statistics to help make the former Labor-based Brumby government appear more ... former government and senior police figures ahead of the release of the crime statistics on 28 October 2010 ... after the release of a report from the Ombudsman, which criticised the 'misleading' crime statistics he published ...
... Crime in 2008 (reported by the sheriff's office or police) Assaults 5452 Auto thefts 7727 Burglaries 5254 Murders 568 (5.7 per 100,000) Rapes 582 Robberies 2210 Thefts 9682 ...
... and criticism of the department's failure to reduce crime statistics ... to insulate himself against opponents by campaigning on declining crime statistics ... Burrell does allow Daniels his own Major Crimes Unit and they return to investigating Avon Barksdale ...
... Measures of crime include simple counts of offences, victimisations or apprehensions, as well as population based crime rates ... Because crime is a social issue, comparisons of crime between places or years are normally performed on some sort of population basis ...
Famous quotes containing the words statistics and/or crime:
“O for a man who is a man, and, as my neighbor says, has a bone in his back which you cannot pass your hand through! Our statistics are at fault: the population has been returned too large. How many men are there to a square thousand miles in this country? Hardly one.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“Going to trial with a lawyer who considers your whole life-style a Crime in Progress is not a happy prospect.”
—Hunter S. Thompson (b. 1939)