Constituent Assembly

A constituent assembly (sometimes also known as a constitutional convention or constitutional assembly) is a body composed for the purpose of drafting or adopting a constitution. As the fundamental document constituting a state, a constitution cannot normally be modified or amended by the state's normal legislative procedures; instead a constituent assembly, the rules for which are normally laid down in the constitution, must be set up. A constituent assembly is usually set up for its specific purpose, which it carries out in a relatively short time, after which the assembly is dissolved.

Unlike forms of constitution-making in which a constitution is unilaterally imposed by a sovereign lawmaker, the constituent assembly creates a constitution through “internally imposed” actions, in that members of the constituent assembly are themselves citizens, but not necessarily the rulers, of the country for which they are creating a constitution. As described by Columbia University Social Sciences Professor Jon Elster:

Constitutions arise in a number of different ways. At the non-democratic extreme of the spectrum, we may imagine a sovereign lawgiver laying down the constitution for all later generations. At the democratic extreme, we may imagine a constituent assembly elected by universal suffrage for the sole task of writing a new constitution. And there are all sorts of intermediate arrangements.

Read more about Constituent AssemblyCountries Without An Entrenched Constitution

Other articles related to "constituent assembly, constituent":

Constituent Assembly - Countries Without An Entrenched Constitution
... In these countries there is no need to call constituent assemblies, and no provision to do so, as the legislature can effectively modify the constitution ... decides to implement a constitution, presumably some sort of constituent assembly will have to be set up for the purpose ...
Left-wing Uprisings Against The Bolsheviks - Dissolution of The Constituent Assembly, Early Constituent Assembly Rebellions - Constituent Assembly Uprising
... with the goal of reconvening the Russian Constituent Assembly ... On June 8, 1918, five Constituent Assembly members formed the All-Russian Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly (Komuch) in Samara and declared it the new supreme authority ...
Left-wing Uprisings Against The Bolsheviks - Constituent Assembly and White Armies
... The All-Russian Constituent Assembly Committee had the support of the Czechoslovak Legions and was able to spread its authority over much of the Volga-Kama ... The Committee functioned until September 1918, eventually growing to about 90 Constituent Assembly members, when The State Conference representing all the anti-Bolshevik local ... the government will be unswervingly guided by the indisputable supreme rights of the Constituent Assembly ...
Silvia Lazarte
... ancestry, became the President of the Constituent Assembly on August 6, 2006 ... Lazarte was previously a coca-leave grower’s leader and declared, when sworn in as the Constituent Assembly “We all have to think with our ...
Left-wing Uprisings Against The Bolsheviks - Dissolution of The Constituent Assembly, Early Constituent Assembly Rebellions
... The Constituent Assembly had been a demand of the Bolsheviks against the Provisional Government, which kept delaying it ... Lenin's Theses on the Constituent Assembly argued in Pravda that because of class conflicts, conflicts with Ukraine, and with the Kadet-Kaledin uprising formal democracy was impossible ... He argued the Constituent Assembly must unconditionally accept sovereignty of the soviet government or it would be dealt with "by revolutionary means".(, 113-115) On December 30, 1917, the SR Avxentiev and ...

Famous quotes containing the word assembly:

    That man is to be pitied who cannot enjoy social intercourse without eating and drinking. The lowest orders, it is true, cannot imagine a cheerful assembly without the attractions of the table, and this reflection alone should induce all who aim at intellectual culture to endeavor to avoid placing the choicest phases of social life on such a basis.
    Mrs. H. O. Ward (1824–1899)