Black Sea Germans

The Black Sea Germans (German: Schwarzmeerdeutsche; Russian: Черноморские немцы) are ethnic Germans who left their homeland in the 18th and 19th centuries, and settled in territories off the north coast of the Black Sea, mostly in southern Ukraine. Included in the category of Black Sea Germans are the following groups from the Black Sea area: the Bessarabia Germans, Dobrujan Germans, and the Russian Mennonites.

The Black Sea Germans are distinct from the Volga Germans, who were separate both geographically and culturally, although both groups moved to Russia at about the same time and for the same reasons.

The Germans settled in southern Ukraine which at that time was part of the Russian Empire and on the Crimean Peninsula. This land was gained for Russia by Catherine the Great through her two wars with the Ottoman Empire (1768-1774) and from the annexation of the Crimean Khanates (1783). The area of settlement was not settled as compactly as that of the Volga territory, rather it was home to a chain of colonies. The first German settlers arrived in 1787, first from West Prussia, then later from Western and Southwestern Germany, as well as from the Warsaw area. Catholics, Lutherans and Mennonites were all known as capable farmers (see Molotschna, for Mennonite settlements in the Melitopol area); Empress Catherine herself sent them a personal invitation to immigrate to Russia.

Read more about Black Sea GermansNotable People

Other articles related to "sea, black, black sea germans, black sea, germans, german":

List Of Historical Drama Films - High and Late Middle Ages (1000-1453)
... Cid The Raid of the Aegean 1946 1096–1099 Eastern Mediterranean Sea First Crusade The Mighty Crusaders 1958 1096–1099 Levant First Crusade Rytsarskiy roman 2000 1096–1099 Byzantine Empire First ... century Swedish ballad, Töres döttrar i Wänge The Black Rose 1950 mid-to-late 13th century China the fictional exploits of a young Englishman who travells to China, falls in love along the way, and ...
History Of Germans In Russia And The Soviet Union - Germans in Russia and Ukraine - Black Sea Germans
... Main article Black Sea Germans The Black Sea Germans settled the territories of the northern bank of the Black Sea, in the 18th and 19th centuries in ... This includes the Bessarabian Germans, the Dobrujan Germans ... The first German settlers arrived in 1787, first from West Prussia, then later from Western and Southwestern Germany, and from the Warsaw area ...

Famous quotes containing the words germans, black and/or sea:

    I know what Germans are. They are a funny people. They are always choosing someone to lead them in a direction which they do not want to go.
    Gertrude Stein (1874–1946)

    Had middle class black women begun a movement in which they had labeled themselves “oppressed,” no one would have taken them seriously.
    bell hooks (b. 1955)

    Times go by turns, and chances change by course,
    From foul to fair, from better hap to worse.

    The sea of Fortune doth not ever flow,
    She draws her favours to the lowest ebb;
    Her tides have equal times to come and go,
    Her loom doth weave the fine and Coarsest web;
    Robert Southwell (1561?–1595)