Aberdeen i/æbərˈdiːn/ (Scots: Aiberdeen listen; Scottish Gaelic: Obar Dheathain ) is Scotland's third most populous city, one of Scotland's 32 local government council areas and the United Kingdom's 29th most populous city, with an official population estimate of 220,420.

Nicknames include the Granite City, the Grey City and the Silver City with the Golden Sands. During the mid-18th to mid-20th centuries, Aberdeen's buildings incorporated locally quarried grey granite, which can sparkle like silver due to their high mica contents. The city has a long, sandy coastline. Since the discovery of North Sea oil in the 1970s, other nicknames have been the Oil Capital of Europe or the Energy Capital of Europe. The area around Aberdeen has been settled since at least 8,000 years ago, when prehistoric villages lay around the mouths of the rivers Dee and Don.

Aberdeen received Royal Burgh status from King David I (1124–53), transforming the city economically. The city's two universities, the University of Aberdeen, founded in 1495, and The Robert Gordon University, which was awarded university status in 1992, make Aberdeen the educational centre of the north-east. The traditional industries of fishing, paper-making, shipbuilding, and textiles have been overtaken by the oil industry and Aberdeen's seaport. Aberdeen Heliport is one of the busiest commercial heliports in the world and the seaport is the largest in the north-east of Scotland.

Aberdeen has won the Britain in Bloom competition a record-breaking ten times, and hosts the Aberdeen International Youth Festival, a major international event which attracts up to 1000 of the most talented young performing arts companies. In 2011 Mercer named Aberdeen the 54th most liveable city in the World, as well as the third most liveable city in Britain. In 2012 HSBC named Aberdeen as a leading business hub and one of eight 'super cities' spearheading the UK's economy, marking it as the only city in Scotland to receive this accolade.

Read more about Aberdeen:  History, Governance, Heraldry, Geography, Demography, Economy, Landmarks, Transport, Culture, Public Services, Twin Cities, Notable People, Fictional References

Other articles related to "aberdeen":

Aberdeen, Florida
... Aberdeen was a census-designated place (CDP) in Palm Beach County, Florida ... The population was 2,672 at the 1990 census ...
Aberdeen Grammar School - Present Day
... Today the school is run by Aberdeen City Council in accordance with the Scottish Executive's educational guidelines for state schools ... Aberdeen City Council spent an average of £5,834 per secondary school pupil as a whole in its authority during the 2005–2006 session ... survey run by the British broadsheet newspaper The Times, Aberdeen Grammar was rated the 19th best Scottish state secondary school in 2005 based on exam results, rising to 16th in 2006 and, most recently, 12th ...
Aberdeen Grammar School
... Aberdeen Grammar School, known to students as the Grammar is a state secondary school in Aberdeen, Scotland ... of twelve secondary schools run by the Aberdeen City Council educational department ... known as Rubislaw Academy, after the nearby Rubislaw area of Aberdeen ...
First Aberdeen
... First Aberdeen Ltd is the main bus company serving Aberdeen, Scotland and is part of FirstGroup ... It was renamed First Aberdeen Ltd in 1998, having previously operated buses in Aberdeen as Aberdeen Corporation, Grampian Regional Transport and First Grampian ...
Aberdeen School District (Washington)
... Aberdeen School District No ... Harbor County, Washington, USA and serves the city of Aberdeen ...