What is golden horn?

Golden Horn

The Golden Horn (Turkish: Haliç (which is derived from the Arabic word Khaleej, meaning Gulf) or Altın Boynuz (literally "Golden Horn" in Turkish); Greek: Κεράτιος Κόλπος, Keratios Kolpos: Horn-shape gulf) is an inlet of the Bosphorus dividing the city of Istanbul and forming the natural harbor that has sheltered Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and other ships for thousands of years. It is a scimitar-shaped estuary that joins the Bosphorus just at the point where that strait enters the Sea of Marmara, thus forming a peninsula the tip of which is "Old Istanbul" (ancient Byzantion and Constantinople). Its Greek and English names mean the same, but the significance of the designation "golden" is obscure, while its Turkish name Haliç simply means "estuary". It has witnessed many tumultuous historical incidents, and its dramatic vistas have been the subject of countless works of art.

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Some articles on golden horn:

Beyoğlu
... old city (historic peninsula of Constantinople) by the Golden Horn ... other neighborhoods located north of the Golden Horn, including Galata (the medieval Genoese citadel from which Beyoğlu itself originated, which today is known as Karaköy ...
Golden Horn - Literature
... The Golden Horn is featured in many works of literature dealing with classical themes ... evening isles fantastical rings faint the Spanish gun, / And the Lord upon the Golden Horn is laughing in the sun." ...
Stambol - Geography
... The city is further divided by the Golden Horn, a natural harbor bounding the peninsula where the former Byzantium and Constantinople were founded ... The confluence of the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus, and the Golden Horn at the heart of present-day Istanbul has deterred attacking forces for thousands of years and still remains a prominent ... Rising from the opposite side of the Golden Horn is another, conical hill, where the modern Beyoğlu district is situated ...
Thomas The Slav - Rebellion - Siege of Constantinople
... Michael had ordered the city walls to be repaired, and chained off the entrance to the Golden Horn, while the Imperial Fleet further guarded the capital from the sea ... the Imperial Fleet, the rebels broke or unfastened the chain and entered the Golden Horn, taking station near the mouths of the Barbysos river, where they awaited the arrival of Thomas and his army ... with his original fleet attacking the wall of the Golden Horn, and the new fleet attacking the south coast, looking towards the Sea of Marmara ...
Siege Of Constantinople (1203) - The Siege
... the Tower of Galata, which held one end of the chain that blocked access to the Golden Horn ... The Golden Horn now lay open to the Crusaders, and the Venetian fleet entered ... the land walls, while the Venetian fleet attacked the sea walls from the Golden Horn ...

Famous quotes containing the words horn and/or golden:

    The hounding of a dog pursuing a fox or other animal in the horizon may have first suggested the notes of the hunting-horn to alternate with and relieve the lungs of the dog. This natural bugle long resounded in the woods of the ancient world before the horn was invented.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    They think how one life hums, revolves and toils,
    One cog in a golden singing hive:
    Stephen Spender (1909–1995)