HistorySee also: History of Leeds and History of Yorkshire
West Yorkshire was formed as a metropolitan county in 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972, and corresponds roughly to the core of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire and the county boroughs of Bradford, Dewsbury, Halifax, Huddersfield, Leeds, and Wakefield.
West Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council inherited the use of West Riding County Hall at Wakefield, opened in 1898, from the West Riding County Council in 1974. Since 1987 it has been the headquarters of Wakefield City Council.
The county initially had a two-tier structure of local government with a strategic-level county council and five districts providing most services. In 1986, throughout England the metropolitan county councils were abolished. The functions of the county council were devolved to the boroughs; joint-boards covering fire, police and public transport; and to other special joint arrangements. Organisations such as West Yorkshire Police Authority and West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive continue to operate on this basis.
Although the county council was abolished, West Yorkshire continues to form a metropolitan and ceremonial county with a Lord Lieutenant of West Yorkshire and a High Sheriff.
Wakefield's Parish Church was raised to cathedral status in 1888 and after the elevation of Wakefield to diocese, Wakefield Council immediately sought city status and this was granted in July 1888. However the industrial revolution, which changed West and South Yorkshire significantly, led to the growth of Leeds and Bradford, which became the area's two largest cities (Leeds being the largest in Yorkshire). Leeds was granted city status in 1893 and Bradford in 1897. The name of Leeds Town Hall reflects the fact that at its opening in 1858 Leeds was not yet a city, while Bradford renamed its Town Hall as City Hall in 1965.
|Metropolitan county||Metropolitan borough||County boroughs||Non-county boroughs||Urban districts||Rural districts|
|Bradford||Bradford||Keighley||Baildon • Bingley • Denholme • Ilkley • Queensbury and Shelf •Silsden • Shipley •||Skipton|
|Calderdale||Halifax||Brighouse • Todmorden •||Elland • Hebden Royd • Queensbury and Shelf • Ripponden • Sowerby Bridge •|
|Kirklees||Huddersfield • Dewsbury •||Batley • Spenborough •||Colne Valley • Denby Dale • Heckmondwike • Holmfirth • Kirkburton • Meltham • Mirfield •|
|Leeds||Leeds||Morley • Pudsey •||Aireborough • Garforth • Horsforth • Otley • Rothwell •||Tadcaster • Wharfedale • Wetherby •|
|Wakefield||Wakefield||Castleford • Ossett • Pontefract •||Featherstone • Hemsworth • Horbury • Knottingley • Normanton • Stanley •||Hemsworth • Osgoldcross • Wakefield •|
Read more about this topic: West Yorkshire
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