Genome

In modern molecular biology and genetics, the genome is the entirety of an organism's hereditary information. It is encoded either in DNA or, for many types of virus, in RNA. The genome includes both the genes and the non-coding sequences of the DNA/RNA.

Read more about GenomeOrigin of Term, Overview, Sequencing and Mapping, Genome Compositions, Genome Evolution

Other articles related to "genome, genomes":

Mycoplasma Laboratorium - Synthetic Genome
... and colleagues created a strain of Mycoplasma mycoides called JCVI-syn1.0 with a synthetic genome ... Given the fact that the natural genome worked, the cause of the failed growth was an frameshift mutation in DnaA, a replication initiation factor ... The construction of a cell with a synthetic genome was done to test the methodology — allowing more modified genomes to be created in the future ...
Anelloviridae - Genome
... The genome is not segmented and contains a single molecule of circular, negative-sense, single-stranded DNA ... The complete genome is 3000-4000 nucleotides long ...
Tiling Array - Applications and Types - MeDIP-chip
... by tiling array allows DNA methylation mapping and measurement across the genome ... DNA is methylated on cytosine in CG di-nucleotides in many places in the genome ... generated high-resolution methylation maps for the Arabidopsis genome to generate the first "methylome" ...
Genome Evolution
... Genomes are more than the sum of an organism's genes and have traits that may be measured and studied without reference to the details of any particular ... Researchers compare traits such as chromosome number (karyotype), genome size, gene order, codon usage bias, and GC-content to determine what mechanisms could have produced ... Duplications play a major role in shaping the genome ...
Mycoplasma Laboratorium - Bacterial Genome Transplantation
... In order to propagate a synthetic genome the technique to transplant an intact whole bacterial genome into another had to be developed ... Mycoplasma mycoides to Mycoplasma capricolum by means of isolating the genome of M ...