Cultivated Plant Taxonomy

Cultivated plant taxonomy is the study of the theory and practice of the science that identifies, describes, classifies, and names cultigens—those plants whose origin or selection is primarily due to intentional human activity. Cultivated plant taxonomists do, however, work with all kinds of plants in cultivation.

Cultivated plant taxonomy is one part of the study of horticultural botany which is mostly carried out in botanical gardens, large nurseries, universities, or government departments. Areas of special interest for the cultivated plant taxonomist include: searching for and recording new plants suitable for cultivation (plant hunting); communicating with and advising the general public on matters concerning the classification and nomenclature of cultivated plants and carrying out original research on these topics; describing the cultivated plants of particular regions (horticultural floras); maintaining databases, herbaria and other information about cultivated plants.

Much of the work of the cultivated plant taxonomist is concerned with the naming of plants as prescribed by two plant nomenclatural Codes. The provisions of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Botanical Code) serve primarily scientific ends and the objectives of the scientific community, while those of the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (Cultivated Plant Code) are designed to serve both scientific and utilitarian ends by making provision for the names of plants used in commerce — the cultigens that have arisen in agriculture, forestry and horticulture. These names, sometimes called variety names, are not in Latin but are added onto the scientific Latin names, and they assist communication among the community of foresters, farmers and horticulturists.

The history of cultivated plant taxonomy can be traced from the first plant selections that occurred during the agrarian Neolithic Revolution to the first recorded naming of human plant selections by the Romans. The naming and classification of cultigens followed a similar path to that of all plants until the establishment of the first Cultivated Plant Code in 1953 which formally established the cultigen classification category of cultivar. Since that time the classification and naming of cultigens has followed its own path.

Read more about Cultivated Plant TaxonomyDistinctive Characteristics, Scientific and Anthropocentric Classification, Historical Development, International Association For Cultivated Plant Taxonomy, Presenting Cultigen Names, Contemporary Issues

Other articles related to "cultivated plant taxonomy, cultivated plant, plant, plants":

Cultivated Plant Taxonomy - Contemporary Issues
... Current challenges for cultivated plant taxonomists include the use of large plant name databases ways of dealing with the use of non-scientific names in commerce (known as trade designations), especially ... The ways in which the plant variation resulting from human activity is named and classified remains contentious ... The replacement of the expression “cultivated plant” with the word “cultigen” is not universally accepted ...
Kaluga - Economy
... of the Russian automotive industry, with a number of foreign companies opening assembly plants in the area ... On November 28, 2007, Volkswagen Group opened a new assembly plant in Kaluga, with further expansion plans planned to be completed by, or during, 2009 ... The plant currently assembles the Volkswagen Passat and Škoda Octavia ...
Toxicodendron Radicans
... older synonyms are Rhus toxicodendron and Rhus radicans), is a poisonous North American plant that is well known for its production of urushiol, a clear liquid compound found within the sap of the ... The plant is not a true ivy (Hedera) ...
Rupert Sheldrake - Biography - Career
... to 1985 he worked in Hyderabad in India as Principal Plant Physiologist at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ... As a biochemist, Sheldrake researched the role of auxin, a plant hormone, in the cellular differentiation of a plant's vascular system ... that by the First of May 2029, "given the genome of a fertilised egg of an animal or plant, we will be able to predict in at least one case all the details of the organism that develops from it ...
Vegetable - Etymology
... which is derived from vegetus (active), in reference to the process of a plant growing ... recorded in English in the 15th century, and originally applied to any plant ... the term "vegetable" was specified to mean "plant cultivated for food, edible herb or root." The year 1955 noted the first use of the shortened, slang term "veggie" ...

Famous quotes containing the words cultivated and/or plant:

    Hope and the future for me are not in lawns and cultivated fields, not in towns and cities, but in the impervious and quaking swamps.... I derive more of my subsistence from the swamps which surround my native town than from the cultivated gardens in the village.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    They do not live in the world,
    Are not in time and space.
    From birth to death hurled
    No word do they have, not one
    To plant a foot upon,
    Were never in any place.
    Edwin Muir (1887–1959)