Commuter Rail - Commuter Rail in The World - Oceania

Oceania

Major cities in Australia have suburban railway systems in their metropolitan areas. As with Japanese suburban railways or Germany's and Switzerland's S-Bahns, these Australian networks have far more frequent services and far higher ridership per capita than US 'commuter rail' in the usual sense of the term. To some US observers these networks may appear to operate as commuter/metro hybrids, however, they are simply the result of full utilisation of the available track capacity in the core of the suburban rail network, this being fed from multiple feeder lines. This is particularly so in Sydney and Melbourne, where headways on many lines in the core of the network reach 3–5 minutes in peaks and 10–20 minutes off peak (about 18 hours a day) and enter an underground loop for passenger distribution in the city centre; and where ridership per capita exceeds the sum of metro and commuter rail in comparable North American urban areas such as Toronto, Boston or the San Francisco Bay Area. All systems, however, are based on established main line rail systems, and track sharing with inter-city and freight services on parts of the network inhibit higher frequencies on some tracks. The main systems include:

  • CityRail in Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong. (largest metropolitan-wide network in Australia)
  • Metro Trains Melbourne in Melbourne. ("Metro" in this case being an abbreviation of "metropolitan", to distinguish these services from regional trains under the V/Line brand.)
  • QR Citytrain in Brisbane.
  • Transperth Trains in Perth.
  • TransAdelaide in Adelaide.

New Zealand has two commuter rail systems: in Auckland and in Wellington (Tranz Metro).

Read more about this topic:  Commuter Rail, Commuter Rail in The World

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