Burghers

Some articles on burghers, burgher:

German Heraldry - Personal Heraldry - Burgher Arms
... of the Imperial Court” (German Hofpfalzgrafen), who from then on also granted arms to burghers ... Although the rule of the use of the tilting helmet by burghers was not always obeyed, it has still become the norm in many countries of the German-Nordic heraldic tradition, e.g ... After the fall of the Holy Roman Empire, arms were no longer granted to burghers except in the Kingdom of Saxony, where such grants continued from 1911 until 1918 ...
Anti-Burgher
... The Anti-Burghers were opponents of the Burgher Oath on theological grounds ... This church split in 1747 over the issue of the Burgher Oath, which required holders of public offices to affirm approval of the religion "presently professed in this kingdom" ... Opponents of the Burgher Oath on theological grounds became known as the Anti-Burghers — showing a distinctive independence of conviction and an unwillingness to compromise over sincerely held beliefs ...
Burgher Arms - Germany
... Hofpfalzgrafen), who from then on also granted arms to burghers ... Although the rule of the use of the tilting helmet by burghers was not always obeyed, it has still become the norm in many countries of the German-Nordic heraldic tradition, e.g ... Holy Roman Empire, arms were no longer granted to burghers except in the Kingdom of Saxony, where such grants continued from 1911 until 1918 ...
Portuguese Burghers - Genetics
... Phenotypically Burghers can be either light skinned or dark skinned, depending on their ancestral history it is common to find Burghers with dark to light brown skin (usually Portuguese Burghers or Kaffirs) and ... In some Portuguese Burgher families it is common to have both, very dark children and children with fair skin ... Most light skinned Burghers are usually of Dutch or British descent ...
Burgher People - Legal Definition
... The Burghers were legally defined in 1883 by the Chief Justice of Ceylon, Sir Richard Ottley, given before the Commission, appointed in connection with the establishment of a legislative ... It was determined that Burghers were defined as those whose father was born in Sri Lanka, with at least one European ancestor on one's direct paternal side, regardless of the ethnic ... Because of this definition, Burghers almost always have European surnames (mostly of Portuguese, Dutch and British origin, but some are of German, French or Russian origin) ...