Bardsey Island

Bardsey Island (Welsh: Ynys Enlli), the legendary "Island of 20,000 saints", lies 1.9 miles (3.1 km) off the Llŷn Peninsula in the Welsh county of Gwynedd. The Welsh name means "The Island in the Currents", although its English name refers to the "Island of the Bards", or possibly the island of the Viking chieftain, "Barda". It is 0.6 miles (1.0 km) wide and 1.0 mile (1.6 km) long. The north east rises steeply from the sea to a height of 548 feet (167 m) at Mynydd Enlli, while the western plain is low and relatively flat cultivated farmland; to the south the island narrows to an isthmus, connecting to a peninsula. Since 1974 it has been included in the community of Aberdaron. It is about 440 acres (180 ha) in extent (about 2 square km). It is the fourth largest offshore island in Wales.

The island has been an important religious site since Saint Cadfan built a monastery in 516. In medieval times it was a major centre of pilgrimage and, by 1212, belonged to the Augustinian Canons Regular. The monastery was dissolved and its buildings demolished by Henry VIII in 1537, but the island remains an attraction for pilgrims to this day.

Bardsey Island is now as famous for its wildlife and rugged scenery. A bird observatory was established in 1953, largely due to the island's position on important migration routes. It is of European importance, cited as a nesting place for Manx shearwaters and choughs, its rare plants, and habitats undisturbed by modern farming practices. It is one of the best places in Gwynedd to see grey seals, and the waters around the island attract dolphins and porpoises.

The spirituality and sacredness of the island, its relative remoteness, and its legendary claim to be the burial site of King Arthur, have given it a special place in the cultural life of Wales, attracting artists, writers and musicians to its shores. It has inspired award winning literature, and attracted internationally renowned singers. On 31 July 2011 the island was featured on BBC television's Countryfile

Read more about Bardsey IslandHistory, Bardsey Lighthouse, Wildlife, Culture, Transport

Other articles related to "bardsey island, bardsey, island":

Bardsey Island - Transport
... Ferry services to Bardsey Island are operated from Porth Meudwy and Pwllheli by Bardsey Boat Trips and Enlli Charters ... the fierce sea currents make sailing between the island and the mainland impossible ... Sometimes boats are unable to reach or leave Bardsey Island for weeks, and in 2000 seventeen island visitors became stranded for two weeks when gales prevented a boat going to rescue them ...
... The community includes Bardsey Island (Welsh Ynys Enlli), the coastal area around Porthoer, and the villages of Anelog, Llanfaelrhys, Penycaerau, Rhoshirwaun, Rhydlios ... The village was the last rest stop for pilgrims heading to Bardsey Island, the legendary "island of 20,000 saints" ... The coast itself forms part of the Aberdaron Coast and Bardsey Island Special Protection Area (Welsh Ardal Gwarchodaeth Arbennig Glannau Aberdaron ac Ynys Enlli), and was designated a Heritage ...
Aberdaron - Landmarks - Uwchmynydd
... take in Cardigan Bay (Welsh Bae Ceredigion), Bardsey Island and the Wicklow Mountains (Irish Sléibhte Chill Mhantáin) at night, South Stack Lighthouse (Welsh ... point, manned for almost 80 years before becoming redundant in 1990, provides views over Bardsey Sound to the island ... Mary before making the dangerous crossing to Bardsey Island ...
Aberdaron - Culture
... poet Christine Evans lives half the year on Bardsey Island and spends the winters at Uwchmynydd ... She moved to Pwllheli as a teacher and married into a Bardsey Island farming family ... Edgar Ewart Pritchard, an amateur film-maker from Brownhills, produced "The Island in the Current", a colour movie of life on Bardsey Island, in 1953 a copy of the film is held by the National Screen and Sound ...

Famous quotes containing the word island:

    We crossed a deep and wide bay which makes eastward north of Kineo, leaving an island on our left, and keeping to the eastern side of the lake. This way or that led to some Tomhegan or Socatarian stream, up which the Indian had hunted, and whither I longed to go. The last name, however, had a bogus sound, too much like sectarian for me, as if a missionary had tampered with it; but I knew that the Indians were very liberal. I think I should have inclined to the Tomhegan first.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)